THEMES AND DOCUMENTS
Situation of Work Market Non-remunerated Work Work Organization
Work Conditions and Work Environment Policies Rights and Justice
Methodologies Related documents
The General Secretariat of the V International Congress Woman, Work & Health announces that the closing date for reception of proposals has been extended to the 15th april 2008.
The themes and axes of the congress arise from the participation of academicians from different areas of expertise (health, anthropology, etc). As for the thematic axes and the participation forms, a format is proposed that will allow including all sectors, and not just the academic sector. The thematic participations will be organized based on the work determinants, as defined in the meeting of the “Workshop on thematic analysis” that took place on March in Mexico City.
This is why the methodological proposal parts from the determinants of the health-sickness binomial. We seek to contribute a different outlook from social medicine. Considering that health is determinant, we chose this focus to propose the determinant axes.
The main objective of this organizational format for the work, responds to the need to generate exchange network at the national level on the subject in the agenda. At the national level we have been able to include legislators, academicians and groups of workers. We seek to take the issue beyond the focus and the groups that traditionally sustain it.
The development of the Congress will be organized around axes on the work aspects that determine the health-sickness process of women and the organized social response to it. There is a total of 7 axes proposed, the first 4 are related to the health-sickness process and the last 3 to the organized social response to this problem. These axes will be cited in the invitation so that the candidates can review the determinants of the proposed presentations.
The great axes will be the following:
Situation of the Work Market. It refers to macroeconomic tendencies characteristic of work nowadays, derived from geographic mobility, precariousness, inequality and the perpetuation of gendered work division.
NON-remunerated Work. In this category we include all unpaid labor women participate in, such as domestic labor, volunteer work in family or private businesses, or forced labor.
Work Organization. Centered basically in the way productive and reproductive processes are designed. Some of the relevant characteristics are work loads, working hours, work content and supervision systems. .
Work Conditions and Work Environment. It includes factors in work places that can be a risk to the integrity, health and well-being of female workers such as noise, toxic substances, furniture, illumination or thermal conditions.
Public and Private Policies: Related to the organized social response to women’s health problems at work and their capability to influence decision-making both in the private sphere of work relations or the field of action of governments and public institutions.
Rights and Justice: Focused basically on the protection of women’s universal rights and the analysis of current legislations or legislative proposals that seek to diminish or prevent health risks at work for women, regulating issues such as responsibility and accountability in cases of work-related illness or accidents. Also, here we include proposals for the redefinition of labor rights based on aspects of gender (menstruation, maternity, breastfeeding, double shifts, informal and illegal work, mono-parental homes, violence at work) that have been ignored in current legislations.
Methodologies. Training, action, human resources education and research.
Cedillo, L., (2007) Propuesta de documento de apoyo sobre "Mujer, Trabajo y Salud" sustentado en revisión de la literatura científica. Reporte basado en una búsqueda bibliográfica extensa y el análisis de la información colectada. Sin embargo, aunque los resultados de la búsqueda sobrepasaron la expectativa de un análisis en el corto plazo, este reporte da muestra de algunos aspectos relevantes y útiles para el diseño de programas, políticas e investigación.
Garduño, M.A., La relación salud, género y trabajo: aproximándose a la discusión. La perspectiva de género puede abordar aspectos centrales de la explicación de la salud, porque permite descifrar determinaciones complejas derivadas de las relaciones entre mujeres y varones. Por eso su confluencia sólo se puede dar con una visión más amplia de la salud en el trabajo, de manera que se ubiquen las situaciones generales y particulares que surgen de las contradicciones de género en las relaciones internas del trabajo.
Barrientos-Gutiérrez, et al., Validez de constructo, confiabilidad y punto de corte de la Prueba de Síntomas Subjetivos de Fatiga en trabajadores mexicanos. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo evaluar la validez de constructo, la confiabilidad interna y establecer un punto de corte para la Prueba de Síntomas Subjetivos de Fatiga. Dicha prueba fue desarrollada en Japón para medir fatiga en población trabajadora, cuenta con 30 reactivos divididos en tres esferas. La validez de constructo fue explorada por diferencias entre grupos, utilizando una población de 1 399 trabajadores de ocho empresas de la Ciudad de México que fueron estudiadas en 1999.
Cardoso, E. & Sousa, V., Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms Among Housemaids. Recent data show that around 28.0% of Brazilian working women are housemaids [IBGE, 2000], the most common occupation for working women in Brazil. Housemaids are more likely to be Afrodescendents, less educated, and have low socioeconomic status [Bento, 2000]. This occupation often involves long hours of heavy physical effort, extended workdays, lack of weekly resting time [Chaney and Castro, 1993], and isolation because housemaids usually live in small rooms in their employer’s domicile. Other aspects are: ambiguity in their relationship with their employers [Chaney and Castro, 1993; Vaz, 1999; Preuss, 2000], cultural differences between their own family organization and life conditions as compared to those of their employers [Vaz, 1999], low wages, poor labor legislation and protection [Bento, 2000], and high turnover [Motta, 1977].
Bonder, G., et al. (2004) Globalization and Health: the gender dimension. The impact of globalisation on the health of people in the developing world has been a hotly debated issue over the past decade. There is now substantial evidence to show that although the health of some has improved as a result of globalisation, the health of many poorer people has worsened. This is particularly true of Latin America and Africa. However, relatively little is known about the differential impact of globalisation on the health of women and men. Is there a significant gender dimension to globalisation and health? In an attempt to answer this question the CIHR and the NIH sponsored an eighteen-month scoping study. It was expected that if this revealed that there was a substantial gender dimension then this could provide the basis for new research and training initiatives at both institutions.
Thematic axes Situation of Work Market Non-remunerated Work Work Organization
Work Conditions and Work Environment Policies Rights and Justice Methodologies